Spotted in NEJC: A barred owl and na Eastern swallowtail cocoon

first_imgReader Tena Fanning heard some pretty intense hooting outside her house near 70th Ter. and Nall Ave. earlier this week, and went outside a bit later to find this fine barred owl specimen staring back at her:And for those of you wondering what’s become of the chubmonster gorging himself on our parsley, looks like he or she is moving on to the next phase:last_img

No evidence that depressive symptoms vary from season to season

first_imgShare on Facebook Share Share on Twitter But more recent studies have challenged the validity of earlier SAD research, including the fact that SAD is typically identified by asking patients to recall past depressive episodes over the course of the previous year or more. Furthermore, the criteria used to identify SAD do not align with the established criteria for major depression.LoBello and lead study author Megan Traffanstedt decided to investigate whether they could find evidence for seasonal variation in depressive symptoms using data from a large-scale survey of U.S. adults.In collaboration with Sheila Mehta, also of Auburn University at Montgomery, the researchers examined data collected in 2006 as part of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a phone-based health survey conducted annually.The researchers examined data from a total of 34,294 participants ranging in age from 18 to 99. Depressive symptoms were measured using the PHQ-8, which asked participants how many days in the previous two weeks they had experienced given symptoms of depression. The PHQ-8 has been validated in previous research as a reliable measure of depression in line with DSM diagnostic criteria.Using geographic location for each participant, the researchers also obtained season-related measures including the actual day of the year, the latitude, and the amount of sunlight exposure.The results showed no evidence that symptoms of depression were associated with any of the season-related measures. That is, people who responded to the survey in the winter months, or at times of lower sunlight exposure, did not have noticeably higher levels of depressive symptoms than those who responded to the survey at other times.And the researchers did not find any evidence for seasonal differences in symptoms when they specifically looked at the subsample of 1,754 participants who scored within the range for clinical depression.“The findings cast doubt on major depression with seasonal variation as a legitimate psychiatric disorder,” the researchers conclude.Depression is by definition an episodic disorder and people may well experience depressive episodes in the fall and winter months. But, the researchers argue, “being depressed during winter is not evidence that one is depressed because of winter.”LoBello and colleagues note that conditions with so-called “low base rates” are difficult to detect in large-scale studies. As such, it’s possible that major depression with seasonal variation does exist but only for a very small proportion of the population.Taken together, the findings suggest that seasonal depression is not the prevalent disorder that it’s commonly thought to be:“Mental health professionals who treat people with depression should be concerned about their own and their patients’ accurate conceptions about the possible causes of depression,” LoBello says. “Pursuit of treatments based on false causes is unlikely to lead to rapid and durable recoveries.” Emailcenter_img A large-scale survey of U.S. adults provides no evidence that levels of depressive symptoms vary from season to season, according to new research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The findings are inconsistent with the notion of seasonal depression as a commonly occurring disorder.“In conversations with colleagues, the belief in the association of seasonal changes with depression is more-or-less taken as a given and the same belief is widespread in our culture,” says Steven LoBello, a professor of psychology at Auburn University at Montgomery and senior author on the new study.”We analyzed the data from many angles and found that the prevalence of depression is very stable across different latitudes, seasons of the year, and sunlight exposures.”Based on emerging research investigating seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a “seasonal pattern” modifier for depression diagnoses was officially added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 1987. To receive a diagnosis of depression with seasonal variation, patients must meet the diagnostic criteria for major depression and also experience recurring depressive episodes that coincide with specific seasons – in most cases, patients report an increase of symptoms in the fall and winter and a decrease in symptoms in spring and summer. LinkedIn Pinterestlast_img read more

Divisional hurling to take centre stage

first_imgAll four divisions will see hurling action this weekend.In the North, the tie of the round at the quarter final stage sees holders Borrisoleigh up against recent champions Kiladangan.Former North championship winning manager with Kiladangan Seamus Gleeson says a break on the day will decide this one Photo © Tipp FM That game throws in at 3.30 on Sunday in Dolla with Kilruane McDonaghs and Newport starting at 1.30 at the same venue.last_img

Utes land another recruit

first_imgE-mail: [email protected] The Utah basketball team has received another commitment for the 2007-08 season.Carlon Brown, a 6-foot-4, 210-pound combo guard from Martin Luther King High in Riverside, Calif., said he will play for Ray Giacoletti’s Utes next year.Brown, who averaged 20 points, eight rebounds and five assists as a junior, was recruited by schools such as Stanford, UNLV, Temple, Santa Clara and San Diego State, before narrowing his choices to Marquette, Nebraska and Utah.”First of all, I like the city, it’s beautiful and clean with no smog like L.A.,” Brown said. “The people were great, it’s a real good staff and I got along great with the players. I like the school a lot.”Giacoletti is not allowed to comment on possible signees until after they actually sign a letter of intent in November.He has said the Utes plan to sign three players this fall. The Utes will lose one senior in Ricky Johns, one to an LDS mission, David Foster, and will get back the scholarship they lost from NCAA sanctions four years ago.Last spring, Morgan Grim, a 6-7, 205-pound forward from Riverton High, committed to play for the Utes. The third player is expected to be Nemanja Calasan, a 6-9 power forward from Midland (Texas) College, who is originally from Serbia and Montenegro. According to several recruiting services, he has committed to Utah. PRACTICE ON TAP: Ute basketball practice officially begins Friday, Oct. 13, at 7 p.m.Traditionally, basketball practice has begun Oct. 15 and in recent years that was amended to the first Saturday nearest Oct. 15.However, because so many schools were trying to get a jump by holding practices at midnight, the NCAA decided to move it to Friday night.The Utes have been holding individual workouts, as per NCAA rules, and Giacoletti is happy with what he has seen so far.”I’m as excited as I’ve been since I’ve been here,” Giacoletti said. “We have a great group of kids. They’re a hard-working group.” The annual Night With the Runnin’ Utes will be Oct. 24 at the Huntsman Center, with the first exhibition game on Nov. 3 against a team from Canada. Another exhibition against Montana Tech will be Nov. 6 before the first official game of the season Nov. 10 against Southern Utah. NINE NEWCOMERS: The Utes will have nine new players, joining holdovers Johns, Luke Nevill, Johnnie Bryant, Shawn Green, Lawrence Borha and Chris Grant.Six are recruits, point guards Curtis Eatmon and Luka Drca, swingman Stephen Weigh, forwards Daniel Deane and Kim Tillie and center David Foster. Misha Radojevic sat out last year with an injury and has just started practicing, while the other two are walk-ons Craig Cusick and Sayre Brennan.”I like the foundation we have with our first two classes and can see improvement from last year to this year,” Giacoletti said. “The six freshmen are each unique in their own way. The good thing is there will be competition at each position.”Giacoletti said the 7-foot-1 Nevill has bulked up to 265 pounds after finishing last season at just 225 and has gained needed upper body strength. The Ute coach is also “really happy” with how Bryant has come back this year. “Johnnie has made really good strides,” Giacoletti said of Bryant, who will most likely begin the year at point guard, while freshmen Eatmon and Drca develop. WEIGHING IN: Giacoletti prefers not to single out any players at this point, but Weigh, the 6-6, 220-pounder from Australia, may see the most playing time of the newcomers.For one thing, the Utes need a replacement for departed Bryant Markson at the 3 spot. For another, Weigh is pretty darn good. “He has a lot of international experience and was the MVP of the 18-under Australian team,” Giacoletti said. “He’s athletic, versatile, can shoot it and put it on the floor. He has a good feel for the game.” NICE PROGRESS: Giacoletti isn’t sure yet if he’ll redshirt any players this year. It seemed like a foregone conclusion that Foster, the 7-foot-2 center from Lake Forest, Calif., would redshirt before his LDS mission. But maybe not.”He’s further ahead than we expected,” said Giacoletti. “We’ve got a month for it to work its way out.” If the Utes do decide to redshirt Foster, they’ll still have Radojevic, who is likely to play almost exclusively at the 5 spot because of all the talent at the 4 spot (Green, Deane and Tillie). last_img read more